Louise Bourgeois is widely considered to have been one of the most influential artists of the 20th century. In a career spanning seventy years, she produced an intensely personal body of work that is as complex as it is diverse. Bourgeois created sculptures in a wide range of media: unique environments, or ‘cells’, in which she combined traditional marble and bronze sculptures alongside the everyday objects imbued with a strong emotional charge (furniture, clothes and empty bottles); prints and drawings; and hand-stitched works made of fabric. Born in Paris, Bourgeois originally studied mathematics and geometry at the Sorbonne but switched to art in 1932. She moved to New York in 1938 upon her marriage to the American art historian, Robert Goldwater. Although she continued her artistic practice in America, her career evolved slowly. The Museum of Modern Art’s retrospective of her work in 1982, when she was seventy, marked a turning point. In an interview that coincided with the opening, Bourgeois explained that the imagery in her work, which deals with themes such as jealousy, violence, sexual desire, betrayal, fear, anxiety and loneliness, was wholly autobiographical and a form of catharsis. In 2000, she made the first sculpture in what would become an iconic series of giant spiders entitled Maman. She continued to work obsessively up until her death in 2010, aged ninety-eight.

Louise Bourgeois was born in 1911 in Paris and died in 2010 in New York. Her work is widely exhibited on the international stage and continues to inspire a rich body of academic and critical commentary. The Museum of Modern Art in New York has established an online digital catalogue raisonné of the 35,000 prints and illustrated books that she produced during her lifetime.

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Selected Works


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Louise Bourgeois in The Great Mother

26 August15 November 2015

Group exhibition
Palazzo Reale, Fondazione Nicola Trussardi, Milan, Italy

Louise Bourgeois Larger Than Life

1 September28 November 2015

Curated by Hasan Bülent Kahraman
Akbank Sanat, Istanbul, Turkey

Louise Bourgeois in Homosexuality_ies

26 June1 December 2015

Group exhibition
Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin, Germany

Louise Bourgeois in Like A Prayer

11 September13 December 2015

Group exhibition
Magasin III - Museum & Foundation for Contemporary Art, Stockholm, Sweden

Louise Bourgeois in FLAESH

1 October 20153 January 2016

Group exhibition
Galerie Rudolfinum, Prague, Czech Republic

Louise Bourgeois Structures of Existence: The Cells

25 September 20157 February 2016

Garage Museum of Contemporary Art, Moscow, Russia

Louise Bourgeois in What We Call Love – From Surrealism to Now

12 September 20157 February 2016

Group exhibition
Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland

Louise Bourgeois in The Present in the Past

17 April 201517 April 2016

Group exhibition
Centro Andaluz de Arte Contemporaneo, Sevilla, Spain

Louise Bourgeois Structures of Existence: The Cells

18 March4 September 2016

Guggenheim Musem Bilbao, Bilbao, Spain

Louise Bourgeois Structures of Existence: The Cells

29 October 201626 February 2017

Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek, Denmark