Xavier Hufkens

Louise Bourgeois

Cell XXV (The view of the world of the jealous wife), 2001
Steel, wood, marble, glass and fabric
254 × 304,8 × 304,8 cm | 100 × 120 × 120 inches
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Louise Bourgeois is widely considered to have been one of the most influential artists of the 20th century. In a career spanning seventy years, she produced an intensely personal body of work that is as complex as it is diverse. Bourgeois created sculptures in a wide range of media: unique environments, or ‘cells’, in which she combined traditional marble and bronze sculptures alongside the everyday objects imbued with a strong emotional charge (furniture, clothes and empty bottles); prints and drawings; and hand-stitched works made of fabric.  Born in Paris, Bourgeois originally studied mathematics and geometry at the Sorbonne but switched to art in 1932. She moved to New York in 1938 upon her marriage to the American art historian, Robert Goldwater. Although she continued her artistic practice in America, her career evolved slowly. The Museum of Modern Art’s retrospective of her work in 1982, when she was seventy, marked a turning point. In an interview that coincided with the opening, Bourgeois explained that the imagery in her work, which deals with themes such as jealousy, violence, sexual desire, betrayal, fear, anxiety and loneliness, was wholly autobiographical and a form of catharsis. In 2000, she made the first sculpture in what would become an iconic series of giant spiders entitled Maman, and worked obsessively up until her death in 2010, aged ninety-eight.

 

Louise Bourgeois’ work is widely exhibited on the international stage and continues to inspire a rich body of academic and critical commentary. A major solo exhibition, Louise Bourgeois: The Return of the Repressed, took place in South America in 2011 and coincided with an important publication of her writings under the same title. The Museum of Modern Art in New York has established an online digital catalogue raisonné of the 35,000 prints and illustrated books that she produced during her lifetime.

 

Louise Bourgeois was born in Paris in 1911 and died in New York in 2010.


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A Baudelaire (#7), 2009
Etching, watercolor, gouache and pencil on paper
151,8 × 199,1 cm | 59 3/4 × 78 3/8 inches

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YOU TOUCHED ME!, 2007
Etching, ink, watercolor, gouache and pencil on paper
150,1 × 99 cm | 59 1/8 × 39 inches

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Topiary, 2005
bronze, silver nitrate patina (edition of 6 + AP)
25,4 × 28,26 × 22,23 cm | 10 × 11 1/8 × 8 3/4 inches

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Femme, 2005
Bronze, silver nitrate patina (edition of 6)
33 × 41,9 × 19,7 cm | 13 × 16 1/2 × 7 3/4 inches

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Untitled, 2002
Fabric (Tapistry) and steel
35,6 × 30,5 × 30,5 cm | 14 × 12 × 12 inches

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Untitled, 2004
Watercolor, ink and pencil on paper
56,5 × 75,6 cm | 22 1/4 × 29 3/4 inches

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Cell XXV (The view of the world of the jealous wife), 2001
Steel, wood, marble, glass and fabric
254 × 304,8 × 304,8 cm | 100 × 120 × 120 inches

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Cell XXIV (Portrait), 1998
Steel, stainless steel, glass, wood and fabric
177,8 × 106,6 × 106,6 cm | 70 × 42 × 42 inches

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Dig yourself a retreat, 1997
Red ink and pencil on paper
29,2 × 22,8 cm | 11 1/2 × 9 inches

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Spider II, 1995
Bronze, wall piece
60,9 × 170,1 × 142,2 cm | 24 × 67 × 56 inches

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Femme Maison, 1994
White marble
12,7 × 31,75 × 6,98 cm | 5 × 12 1/2 × 2 3/4 inches

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Nature Study #2, 1985
bronze, black and polished patina (edition of 6 + 1 AP)
31,8 × 83,8 × 41,9 cm | 12 1/2 × 33 × 16 1/2 inches

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Janus in leather jacket, 1968
Bronze, hanging piece (edition of 6)
30,4 × 55,8 × 16,5 cm | 12 × 22 × 6 1/2 inches

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UNTITLED, 1954
Painted bronze and stainless steel (edition of 6)
144,8 × 30,5 × 30,5 cm | 57 × 12 × 12 inches

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THE TOMB OF A YOUNG PERSON, 1947
bronze, painted white (edition of 6)
116,8 × 30,5 × 30,5 cm | 46 × 12 × 12 inches

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Exhibitions

2007

Louise Bourgeois

2003

Louise Bourgeois
New Sculptures and The Woven Drawings